In "Harlem," Hughes speculates about what happens to dreams that are put off for whatever reason. I think the title of this poem is very significant. On Monday in class, we discussed what the Harlem Renaissance era was like. It was a time of art and music and writing that exploded from the recently freed African American population. Is Hughes suggesting that Harlem is a dream deferred and that it is an explosion of long bottled up feelings and emotions that can now somewhat be let out through art, music, books, etc.? Perhaps the put off dreams of previously enslaved African Americans was like a "heavy load" that they could not relieve themselves of because of the laws that kept them in slavery.
I really enjoyed Hughes' writing. He is straightforward and direct which makes reading his writing easier to understand but he still at the same time leaves room for plenty of interpretation.